Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. Ampong-Nyarko K; Datta SK de, 1991. Amaranthus spinosus (Calaloo) / Common names / ZipCodeZoo (37) Extracts were found to contain hydroxycinnamates, quercetin, kaempferol glycosides. November 2006. Arun Kumard, B. Manoje, Vinod Kumard, D. Sheshadri Shekard / Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, Volume 18, Issue 1, January 2011, Pages 1–5 Marchioretto MS, 2014. 6 (2003); 149 – 150 Chemical ControlA. Local name: Katu thampala (කටු තම්පලා) **. • Immunomodulatory: Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Effect of Aqueous Extract of Amaranthus spinosus on Hematologivcal Parameters of Wistar Albino Rats / Bhande Satish S and Wasu Yogesh H / Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences /DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18006/2016.4(1).116.120 > 10°C, Cold average temp. This beetle may replace the use of herbicides to control occasional infestations (Julien, 1992). In: Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, 85 1-246. Flora Mesoamericana., Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Volume 46, Issue 11, November 2008, Pages 3417-3421 interruption, more likely with the alcohol than aqueous extracts. (25) Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Invasion of exotic weed seeds into Japan, mixed in imported feed grains. Balick MJ; Nee M; Atha DE, 2000. The extract mediated iron oxide nanoparticles showed better photocatalytic and antioxidant capacity than sodium borohydride mediated nanoparticles. Amaranthus in Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil (Amaranthus in the list of species of the flora of Brazil). http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB15408. Amaranthus spinosus var. (36) Plants glabrous or sparsely pubescent in the distal younger parts of stems and branches. Its thorniness presents some obstacle to its preparation as a vegetable, hence the Ewe name for it in Ghana. This species is a prolific seed producer and one plant can produce up to 235,000 seeds. Ayantoto (Pamp.) Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, USA: Prentice-Hall Inc. Kostermans AJGH; Wirjahardja S; Dekker RJ, 1987. Farmland Weeds of China. Compendium record. 1192 pp. • Antioxidant: Study showed the antioxidant activity of the extracts to be concentration dependent. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. Thimphu, Bhutan: National Plant Protection Centre. • Anti-Inflammatory / Analgesic / Anti-Diarrheal / Leaves: Study of methanol extract of leaves showed anti-inflammatory activity as evidenced by inhibition of carrageenan-induced rat paw edema, significant (p<0.05) inhibition of acetic acid-induced increased vascular permeability, and inhibition of cotton pellet granuloma. / B Sangameswaran and B Jayakar / The Japanese Society of by Non-Enzymatic Haemoglycosylation (Penilaian Aktiviti Antioksidan Amaranthus spinosus Linn., dengan, IN VITRO ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS ROOT EXTRACTS, The Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using Amaranthus spinosus Leaf Extract and Study of Their Optical Properties*. However, there was dose dependent reduction in RBC, hemoglobin, PVC, and MCHC and a significant increase in WBC and MCV at dose level of 1000 mg/kbw. Amaranthus spinosus L. Accepted Name Prickly Amaranth Plantae > Tracheophyta > Equisetopsida C. Agardh > Caryophyllales Juss. All three showed dose dependent vermicidal activities. Final Technical Report. Inflorescences simple or compound terminal staminate spikes and axillary subglobose mostly pistillate clusters, erect or with reflexed or nodding tips, usually green to silvery green. Amaranthus spinosus . Anti-inflammatory An aqueous extract showed dose-dependent anthelmintic activity against adult Indian earthworms Pheretima posthuma and Tubifex tubifex. 6) Most of the reports come from outside its range and are of non-specific organisms; some, however, may be sufficiently specific for potential biological control (Waterhouse, 1994; El-Aydam and Burki, 1997). Species across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway. Taxonomy and medicinal uses on the family Amaranthaceae growing throughout the Rajshahi, Bangladesh was carried out during September 2011 to December 2012. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PROTA, 2015. Imazethapyr controlled 72-90% of A. spinosus, whereas bentazone and pyridate failed to provide adequate control (Grichar, 1994). Boerhaavia erecta L. in mice / A Hilou et al / Journal of Ethnopharmacology Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Poison Plants Committee of New South Wales. February 2005. Wang Z, Xin M, Ma D, 1990. Murine Primary Splenocytes, Hepatoprotective (16) Effect was attributed to antinutritional factors and non-palatability of the feed. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. Kauai, Hawaii, USA: Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden. Germination is satisfactory in both light and dark (Holm et al., 1991). Study assessed the immunomodulatory effects Potential of Phomopsis amaranthicola and Microsphaeropsis amaranthi, as bioherbicides for several weedy Amaranthus species. Wang Z; Xin M; Ma D, 1990. (17) Correll DS; Johnston MC, 1979. (42) (Note: This might be a misapplied study. It is drought-resistant and can even grow under arid conditions. Amaranthus spinosus / Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana), Toxicity Studies of Amaranth viridis Linn (Spiny Amaranth) Using Albino Rats, Anti-Fertility Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, showing characteristic spiny stems. > 0°C, dry winters), Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally, Difficult to identify/detect as a commodity contaminant, Difficult to identify/detect in the field. Analgesic activity of extracts of the whole plant of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. Kurokawa S, 2001. Rats fed with leaves showed decreased body weight compared to rats fed with a normal diet. Flora of China. EVALUATION OF ANTHELMINTIC AND ANTI­INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS LINN / MANIK BARAL, SUBRATA CHAKRABORTY, PRANABESH CHAKRABORTY / International Journal of CURRENT PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH, Vol 2, Issue 4, 2010 Lorenzi HJ; Jeffery LS(Editors), 1987. Argentina: ataco espinudo; Bahamas: calalue; spiny amaranth; Bangladesh: katanata; Brazil: bredo de espino; caruru de espino; caruru-bravo; caruru-de-espinho; Cambodia: phti banla; Cuba: bledo espinoso; El Salvador: bledo; blero; huisquilite Plants of the Eastern Caribbean., Barbados: University of the West Indies. Field evaluation of, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. In upland rice, A. spinosus is the principal weed in Mexico and the Philippines, and a common weed in Sri Lanka, India and Indonesia (Holm et al., 1991).A. Mito T; Uesugi T, 2004. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seeds. Nova Odessa, Brazil: H. Lorenzi. Hurst E, 1942. CSIRO handbook of Australian weeds. Waterhouse DF, 1994. Around residences on Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. vii + 264 pp. November 2006. Lactofen applied early post-emergence and 2,4-DB applied late post-emergence controlled more than 90% late in the season. Amaranthus spinosus is a potential blood supplement. Also known as: muļļu keerai, since some wild strains can have thorns (muļļu is Tamil for thorns): ordinary arakeerai (Amaranthus Dubius) is closely related to, and practically indistinguishable from Amaranthus spinosus–except when thorns are present. Amaranthus spinsosus leaves reveal significant antitumor effects in cancers of breast, colorectal, liver and normal cell lines. anti-hyperlipidemic and spermatogenic effects of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. circumscissus Thell. Amaranthus spinosus / GLOBinMED ©John D. Byrd/Mississippi State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US. (34) It can also be consumed for nutritional purposes. (31) The chromosome number reported for A. spinosus is 2n = 34, 68 (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015). Weeds of Bhutan., vi + 236 pp. Impact of different herbicides on, http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB15408, Ortiz-Ribbing L; Williams MM II, 2006. McMullen CK, 1999. Amaranthus spinosus L. Inhibits Spontaneous and Dexamethasone-Induced Apoptosis in Murine Primary Splenocytes / Jin-Yuarn Lin et al / Journal of Food and Drug Analysis, Vol. Vol. Extension Bulletin - Food & Fertilizer Technology Center, No.497:14 pp. PROTA4U web database., [ed. Weeds of the United States and their control. Utricles ovoid to subglobose, 1.5-2.5 mm, membranaceous proximally, wrinkled and spongy or inflated distally, irregularly dehiscent or indehiscent. 47, No. Amaranthus spinosus is much-branched annual plant. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology A, 3(10):790-796. http://www.davidpublishing.com/show.html?14628. Antioxidant and antipyretic properties of methanolic extract of Amaranthus spinosus leaves / Bagepalli Srinivas Ashok Kumar*, Kuruba Lakshman, Jayaveera KN, Devangam Sheshadri Shekar, Avalakondarayappa Arun Kumar, Bachappa Manoj / 702 Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine (2010)702-706 / doi: 10.1016/S1995-7645(10)60 169-1 (Catalago de Plantas Vasculares de Bolivia). A. spinosus is attacked by a number of natural enemies. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); leaves alternate, broadly lanceolate to ovate, discolorous, up to 7 cm long, 4 cm wide, margins entire, base tapering to a slender petiole up to 7 cm long, with a pair of straight spines up to 1 cm long at base. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). Results showed antiulcerogenic activity mediated through antioxidant defense mechanism. Urine volume was significantly increase (p<0.05), The diuretic effect was comparable to that of standard diuretic furosemide. A. gracilis is used in local medicine in Taiwan, Often in mixtures with other medicinal plants, to treat hepatitis, tight chest, bronchitis, asthma, and lung troubles, to stop bleeding and as a hair tonic. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden. There was gastric anti-secretory effect with decreased gastric volume and acidity. Higher doses significantly decreased plasma glucose levels (p<0.01 and p<0.001), hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase activity (p<0.01 and p<0.001), and increased hepatic glycogen content (p<0.01) with increases in hexokinase activity in both types 1 and 2 diabetic rats. / African Journal Of Biomedical Research, Vol. May 2008. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. (3) Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp. Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas., Richardson, TX, USA: University of Texas at Dallas. A. spinosus is also used as a medicinal herb. • Anti-Diarrheal / Anti-Ulcer: Study of ethanol extract of the whole plant of AS significantly inhibited travel time of a charcoal meal. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Listed as casual in temperate regions of the country and as a weed elsewhere, Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. 21. (6) http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html. The cellular damage caused by free radicals can contribute to aging, RA, Parkinson's disease, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, and cancer, among others. Plant Disease, 84(11):1225-1230. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. anti-hyperlipidemic and spermatogenic effects of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Flowers vary interspecifically from the presence of 3 or 5 tepals and stamens, whereas a 7-porate pollen grain structure remains consistent across the family. Biol. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Murine Primary Splenocytes / JIN-YUARN LIN, CHIA-YUAN Kahului Airport, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Study suggests the Help. (38) Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, showing inflorescence. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1, Flora of Pakistan, 2015. This chapter addresses the value of different Amaranthus [L.] species that have been recorded in Nigeria. Holm L, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, Plucknett D L, 1979. A spasmolytic effect was mediated through calcium channel blocking. Analgesic activity was exhibited by significant and dose-related reduction of writhings with acetic-acid and reduction of paw licking induced by formalin. Evaluation of Physiochemical, Phytochemical, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Screening Parameters of Amaranthus spinosus Leaves, Biochemical alteration of methanolic extract of Amaranthus spinosus on liver of Sprague Dawley rats, Antidepressant Activity of Methanolic Extract of Amaranthus Spinosus, COMPARATIVE IN VITRO ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF THREE PLANTS FROM THE AMARANTHACEAE FAMILY /, EFFECTS OF METHANOL EXTRACT OF AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS LEAF ON SOME SELECTED KIDNEY AND HAEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS IN RATS, Anti Gastric Ulcer Activity of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. 6 (Special Issue No. *, Nnochiri Emmanuel C., Ugwu Okechukwu P.C. ex Bercht. Results showed the plant could be a source of bacterial agents. Like other amaranths, it produces large numbers of seeds, which can mature after the plant has been cut, and remain viable for long periods. www.europe-aliens.org/default.do. Leaves are occasionally found for sale on markets. Cladus: Amaranthaceae s.str. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. 3348 pp. February 2007. Cycadaceae a Connaraceae. In: Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos, Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation. CSIRO handbook of Australian weeds., vii + 264 pp. (33) In: Global Environmental Research, 8 (2) 171-191. Manila, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute. Availability (27) In sugarcane, it is a principal weed in Brazil, South Africa and Taiwan and a common weed in Hawaii, India, Indonesia and Peru. Malabar, Florida, USA: Krieger Publishing Co. 391 pp. It is a problem weed principally around the Caribbean Sea, the west and south of Africa, around the Bay of Bengal and in East and South-East Asia from Japan to Indonesia. Properties of Amaranthus spinosus Leaf Extract, Amaranthus spinosus water extract directly stimulates proliferation of B lymphocytes in vitro, STUDIES ON THE EFFECTS OF Amaranthus spinosus LEAF EXTRACT ON THE HAEMATOLOGY OF GROWING PIGS, Antidiarrheal and antiulcer activity of Amaranthus spinosus in experimental animals. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seedling. • Adverse Hematologic Effects: Study of ethanol extract in pigs showed significant reduction of PCV, RBC and hemoglobin of pigs. Biochemical Aspects of Superoxide Dismutase Isolated from Amaranthus spinosus: A Therapeutically Important Plant / S Sharma, S Bahuguna, N Kaur and N Chaudhary / International Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Volume 5, Number 1 (2014), pp. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. An inside review of Amaranthus spinosus Linn: a potential medicinal plant of India. (39) Spiny Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus L.) control in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). A single plant produces several hundred thousand seeds, a large proportion of which are fertile. circumscissus Thell. Ashok Kumara, K. Lakshmanb, R. Nandeeshc, P.A. The fungal pathogens Phomopsis amaranthicola and Microsphaeropsis amaranthi have been investigated as potential bioherbicides for weedy amaranths including A. spinosus (Rosskopf et al., 2000; Ortiz-Ribbing and Williams, 2006). Of Physiology And Biochemistry 2004, Vol. In South-East Asia a decoction of the root is used to treat gonorrhea and as a antipyretic. In (Plantas daninhas de Brasil, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais.) 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 [ed. (17) In tropical Africa and elsewhere, A. spinosus leaves and young plants are collected for home consumption as a cooked, steamed or fried vegetable, especially during periods of drought. Saponins, a subgroup of glycosides, known to cause hemolysis of RBC, may be responsible for the altered RBC and WBC profile. Maximum growth occurs in soils high in organic matter, and those with sufficient nitrogen (Holm et al., 1977). (9) Jørgensen PM, Nee MH, Beck SG, 2015. Richardson, TX, USA: University of Texas at Dallas. (14) (24) Daniel K. Abbiw Department of Botany, University of Ghana, Lebon, Ghana. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, showing white-flushed leaves Kahului Airport, Maui, Hawaii, USA. • Anti-diabetic (39) Many seeds germinate soon after being dispersed, but some seeds can remain viable for many years in the soil seed bank (Waterhouse, 1994). • Anti-Gastric Ulcer / Leaves: Study evaluated the anti ulcer activity of leaves in aspirin induced It also showed Stems erect or sometimes ascending proximally, much-branched and bushy, rarely nearly simple, 0.3-1(-2) m; each node with paired, divergent spines (modified bracts) to 1.5(-2.5) cm. STUDIES ON THE EFFECTS OF Amaranthus spinosus LEAF EXTRACT ON THE HAEMATOLOGY OF GROWING PIGS / OLUFEMI B.E. Zuloaga FO; Morrone O; Belgrano MJ, 2008. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. A. spinosus is a serious weed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Results showed significant increase for both acute as well as chronic studies in protein and glycogen contents at 250 mg/kg dose level. Amaranthus The PLANTS Database. [ed. • Antifertility: It can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia. by Marambe, B\Sangakkara, U. R.\Costa, W. A. J. M. de\Abeysekara, A. S. K.]. Results showed significant antitumor effects with a decrease in tumor volume and viable cell count, increase in mean survival time and non viable tumor cell count. London, UK: Crown Agents. 2012 Oct 1;12:166. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-12-166 It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. basiscissus Thell. ACIAR Monograph No. USA. LongevityA. Holm LG; Pancho JV; Herberger JP; Plucknett DL, 1991. For example, the seed of some types will germinate within a few days after harvest if held at a high temperature, whereas others require 4-5 months of storage before they will germinate. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR Monograph No 26. Ampong-Nyarko and de Datta (1991) indicate resistance to fenoxaprop, piperophos and thiobencarb. 991. 16. • Antidepressant: Study evaluated the antidepressant activity of methanolic extract of A. spinosus on Forced Swimming Test (FST) and Tail Suspension Test (TST) Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Orchard AE, 1993. It is found in millet in the Philippines, coffee in Angola and El Salvador, and pineapples in the Philippines (Holm et al., 1991).Risk to LivestockA. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization. The poison plants of New South Wales. (28) Additional Ikhatua / Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 4(1): 58-64, 2008 Anti-ulcer effects were noted with differing degrees of protection with extract and with cimetidine. Weeds of Brazil, terrestrial and aquatic, parasitic, poisonous and medicinal. Lee IY; Oh SM; Moon BC; Kim CS; Park JE; Choi CD, 2007. 7, Pages 521-525 Genetics This species is self-compatible and flowers are pollinated by wind (Waterhouse, 1994). The PLANTS Database. G.Stuart) (see: Kolitis) (36) (12) Allelopathic potential of orange jessamine (Murraya paniculata L.) against weeds. Pistillate flowers: tepals 5, obovate-lanceolate or spatulate-lanceolate, equal or subequal, 1.2-2 mm, apex mucronate; styles erect or spreading; stigmas 3. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Kawela Bridge, Molokai, Hawaii, USA. Potential of, Pangnakorn U; Poonpaiboonpipattana T, 2013. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. (27) 278 pp. LI AND BI-FONG LIN / Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National in Rats / Prasanta Kumar Mitra / International Journal of Herbal Medicine, 2013, Vol 1, Issue 2. Amaranthus spinosus L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Amaranthus (family Amaranthaceae ). Amaranthus spinosus f. inermis Lauterb. Results suggest a potential for future nutraceutical and immuno-pharmacologic use for AS. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan, Florence J; Chevillotte H; Ollier C; Meyer J-Y, 2013. spinosus was implicated in a case of livestock poisoning in 1973 when 39 dairy cows died after being fed chopped forage sorghum containing as much as 25-33% (by weight) of the weed. There was further increase in gastric mucin. Evaluation of gut modulatory and bronchodilator activities of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Hokche O; Berry PE; Huber O, 2008. Common name: spiny pigweed. Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji (spermatophytes only). (49) Paris, France: Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, unpaginated. Study of diuretic activity of aqueous extract of amaranthus spinosus linn on rats / Shravani Potllapalli, Jagannath Narumalla, Naga Teja Pavani A., Damodaram Govindadas, Somashekar S. Chikkannasetty / International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, Vol 6, No 1 (2017). Amaranthus spinosus var. Amran, Shams- Ud-Doha K. M., Sarker Apu Apurba*  / International Journal of Drug Development and Research, Oct-Dec 2011, 3(4): 189-193 Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Synonyms: Acistoma coccineum, Grislea punctate, Amaranthus caracasanus,Amaranthus diacanthus,Galliaria spinosa,Galliaria spitosa. (45) 1182 pp. Distribution and biology. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition. Misra R, 1969. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 584 pp. Online Database. [English title not available]. Funk V; Hollowell T; Berry P; Kelloff C; Alexander SN, 2007. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. 103 (2006) 236–240 / doi:10.1016/j.jep.2005.08.006 activity in experimental hepatic damage in animals. AND *ONIGEMO M.A. (26) Evaluation of gut modulatory and bronchodilator activities of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. At present, it occurs in all tropical and subtropical regions (Macbride and Weberbauer 1936–1995). Consumption of leaf extract does not cause kidney malfunction. > 10°C, Cold average temp. In: Flora mesoamericana, Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Subfamilia: Amaranthoideae Genus: Amaranthus Species: Amaranthus spinosus • Hematologic Effects: Study evaluated the effect of ethanolic extract of leaves given orally to growing pigs. Flora of West Tropical Africa, Volume 1, Part 1 (revised by Keay RWJ). (44) Volume 2. Evaluation of Physiochemical, Phytochemical, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Screening Parameters of Amaranthus spinosus Leaves / Teklit Gebregiorgis Amabye* / Nat Prod Chem Res 4:199. MacKee H S, 1994. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. (30) Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: AMARANTHACEAE. (23) Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, showing leaves, spines and seeds. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. Amaranthus spinosus L. Meaning_of_the_name: Amaranthus - derives from the greek word "amarantos" meaning immortal or unfading and "anthos" meaning flower, and refers to long lasting qualities of of the flower; spinosus: spiny. Anti-inflammatory effect was comparable to ibuprofen, and attributed to its steroid, alkaloid, and flavonoid contents. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. The results showed alcoholic Nowadays it is rarely cultivated and grows principally as a weed in crops, pastures and orchards. It has been suggested that A. spinosus originates from lowland tropical South and Central America, and that it was introduced in other warmer parts of the world from about 1700 AD onwards (Lemmens and Bunyapraphatsara, 1999). 122, no3, pp. EFFECTS OF METHANOL EXTRACT OF AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS LEAF ON SOME SELECTED KIDNEY AND HAEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS IN RATS / Ezekwe C.I. Results showed potent alpha-amylase, anti-diabetic and antioxidant activities. USA. In: Proceedings of the 21st Asian Pacific Weed Science Society (APWSS) Conference, 2-6 October 2007, Colombo, Sri Lanka [ed. (20) spinosus is susceptible to most of the standard herbicides used on broad-leaved weeds. It grows up to 100cm tall. Amaranthus spinosus originates probably from lowland tropical South and Central America and was introduced into other warmer parts of the world from about 1700 AD onwards. Varanasi, India: Banaras Hindu University. Consequently, the potential of this species to spread and colonize new habitats, especially in disturbed sites and waste ground, is very high. Ortiz-Ribbing L; Williams MM II, 2006. International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Chemistry, 4(3):643-653. http://ijrpc.com/files/20-4130.pdf. Amaranthus viridis is a vigorous, erect, branched, annual plant growing 10 - 100cm tall. / Jamaluddin Abu Taiab Md., Qais Nazmul, Ali Mirza Asif, Howlader Md. Manoa, Hawaii, USA: College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii. Amaranth plants grow well in average to rich, well-draining soil with equal amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus.Like many vegetable crops, they need at least five hours of sunlight a day to do well. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Studies (12) Reproductive BiologyA. Field evaluation of Phomopsis amaranthicola, a biological control agent of Amaranthus spp. Ecological studies of noxious weeds common to India and America, which are becoming an increasing problem in the upper Gangetic plains. In vitro alpha-amylase inhibition and in vivo antioxidant potential of Amaranthus spinosus in alloxan-induced oxidative stress in diabetic rats / B.S. Stroud A; Parker C, 1989. Jørgensen P M, León-Yánez S, 1999. Biological control of noxious pigweeds in Europe: a literature review of the insect species associated with Amaranthus spp. It is probably a native of tropical America and was introduced into other warmer parts of the world. IN VITRO ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS ROOT EXTRACTS / Harsha Vardhana S / Pharmacophore 2011, Vol. (43) Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. (10) Anti-diabetic, Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. Ithaca, New York, USA: Comstock Publisher Assoc., 370 pp. Amaranth, scientific name Amaranthus, is a member of the Amaranthaceae family which is related to and resembles Quinoa.Native to Central America and South America, it is also cultivated in the countries having warm climate. Peradeniya, Sri Lanka: Asian Pacific Weed Science Society, 595-596. (7) Results showed antidepressant activity. Scientific names: Common names: Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Sydney, Australia: Department of Agriculture. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. (40) Amaranthus spinosus, commonly known as the spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth, is a plant is native to the tropical Americas, but is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed. (20) Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. • Immunomodulatory / B-Lymphocyte Proliferation: Study of A spinosus water extract exhibited immuno-stimulating activity through direct stimulation of B-lymphocyte activation in vitro and suggests possible subsequent T cell proliferation in vitro. > 10°C, Cold average temp. ), which attack some commercial crops. extract use in day 1 to day 5 of pregnancy showed significant pregnancy (30) protective mechanism to be from the presence of flavonoids and phenolics. / Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). • Phytochemicals / Betalains: Study of phenolic profile yielded betalains - amaranthine and isoamaranthine. use for diabetes. Study showed the efficacy of AS extracts Correll DS, Johnston MC, 1979. However, the spines may cause injury to the mouths of grazing animals and cases of poisoning in cattle have also been reported. Amarathus viridis has a common name of "green amaranth." Funk V, Hollowell T, Berry P, Kelloff C, Alexander S N, 2007. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. Thus, it is likely that it has been introduced accidentally as a contaminant in crop and pasture seeds and in agricultural machinery (PROTA, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015). spinosus L. Inhibits Spontaneous and Dexamethasone-Induced Apoptosis in The Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using Amaranthus spinosus Leaf Extract and Study of Their Optical Properties* / Ratul Kumar Das, Nayanmoni Gogoi, Punuri Jayasekhar Babu, Pragya Sharma, / Leaves: Study evaluated methanol extracts of A. spinosus leaves against different cell lines such as breast, colorectal, liver, and normal cell lines. / Chaudhary MA, Imran I, Bashir S, Mehmood MH, Rehman NU, Gilani AH. Some tribes in India used A. spinosus to induce abortion (Lemmens and Bunyapraphatsara, 1999; PROTA, 2015). (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). / doi:10.4172/2329-6836.1000199 roots was studied for anti-fertility effects. Anti Gastric Ulcer Activity of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Study of methanol extract of AS leaves showed Biological Control of Weeds: Southeast Asian Prospects. Amaranthus spinosus L., Sp. Screening of Selected Ethno Medicinal Plants, In Distribution and Biology. (48) Invasive alien species in Japan: the status quo and the new regulation for prevention of their adverse effects. Biological Control of Weeds: a World Catalogue of Agents and their Target Weeds. (23) Lazarides M; Cowley K; Hohnen P, 1997. The nutritional value of Amaranthus spinosus is comparable to that of other vegetable amaranths.Amaranthus leaves contain per 100 g edible portion: water 84.0 g, energy 176 kJ (42 kcal), protein 4.6 g, fat 0.2 g, carbohydrate 8.3 g, fibre 1.8 g, Ca 410 mg, P 103 mg and Fe 8.9 mg (Leung, W.-T.W., Busson, F. & Jardin, C., 1968). / Bavarva JH, Narasimhacharya AV. Akum (Mag.) November 2006. Catalogue of introduced and cultivated plants in New Caledonia. Nadeaud botanical database of the Herbarium of French Polynesia. • Hematological Effects: Study evaluated the effects of an aqueous extract of whole plant on hematological levels of albino rats. Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015), Debris and waste associated with human activities, Pangnakorn and Poonpaiboonpipattana, 2013, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1, Kumar RP; Jindal Shammy; Gupta Nitin; Rana Rinu, 2014. In Thailand, augmentative releases of Hypolixus truncatulus have resulted in successful control. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. A. spinosus is superficially similar to other weedy species of Amaranthus, but is the only species with auxillary spines. Weeds of Bhutan. Waterlogging retards its growth. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. In Korea, Lee et al. (2) • Anti-Inflammatory / Anticancer Amaranthus diacanthus Raf. • Dye: Plant yields yellow and green dyes. Information from Dichotomous Key of Flora Novae Angliae. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. These include 2,4-D, EPTC, MCPA, MSMA (methylarsonic acid), acifluorfen, atrazine, bensulfuron, butachlor, chlorthal-dimethyl, dimethametryn, diphenamid, diuron, glyphosate, metribuzin, oxadiazon, oxyfluorfen, paraquat, pendimethalin, propanil and trifluralin (Kostermans et al., 1987; Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; Ampong-Nyarko and de Datta, 1991). 506 pp. • Anti-Diabetic / In Vitro Alpha-Amylase Inhibition / In Vivo Antioxidant: Study investigated a methanolic extract of A. spinosus for in vitro alpha-amylase enzyme inhibition by CNPG3 (2-chloro-4-nitrophenol α-d-maltotrioside) and in vivo antioxidant potential of malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), catalase (CAT) and total thiols (TT) in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Pl. (34) Crop Protection, 25(1):39-46. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02612194. Evaluation of the Antioxidant Activity of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Cassia tora, Eleusine indica, Portulaca oleracea, Anagallis arvensis, Amaranthus spinosus, Chenopodium album, Cyperus rotundus, Eleocharis palustris, Eichhornia crassipes and Spirodela polyrhiza. Preliminary phytochemical analysis of Amaranthus spinosus leaves / Sable KV * and Saswade RR / Int. • Analgesic: Study evaluated various extracts of whole plant of A. spinosus for analgesic activity. Anti-inflammatory Results suggest a potentially valuable substance for future nutraceutical and immunopharmacological use. Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie. Sci., Belgrade, 62 (1), 185-189, 2010 / DOI:10.2298/ABS1001185K • Diuretic: Study evaluated the diuretic activity of aqueous extract of A. spinosus on rats. Flora of Australia. 59c, 1Ð8 (2004) Others Extract also showed significant antipyretic activity. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Local Common Names. USDA-NRCS, 2015. The photoperiodic response is day-neutral and the plant may flower at day lengths between 8 and 16 h. Overall optimum growth is obtained at a day length of 11-12 h, and it is in areas with such day lengths that the earliest and most abundant flowering takes place. Occasionally the plant may become a short-lived perennial [ 299 Protabase - … PIER, 2015. Seeds are easily disturbed by wind, water, and animals. It grows in arid lowlands and moist uplands on the Galapagos Islands (McMullen, 1999). Dangoggo, S.A. Maigandi, S. Muhammad / International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) (2015) Vol 20, No 1: pp 368-377 Folk Knowledge on Medicinal Plants Used for the Treatment of Skin Diseases in Bhadrak District of Odisha, IndiaÂ, Traditional Practices and Medicinal Plants Use during Pregnancy by Anyi-Ndenye Women (Eastern Côte d'Ivoire), Pharmacological Actions and Phytoconstituents of Amaranthus spinosus Linn: A Review, Biochemical Aspects of Superoxide Dismutase Isolated from Amaranthus spinosus: A Therapeutically Important Plant, Amaranthus spinosus leaf extracts and its anti-inflamatory effects on cancer, Preliminary phytochemical analysis of Amaranthus spinosus leaves, Ethno- Medical Uses of Plants in the Treatment of Various Skin Diseases in Ovia North East, Edo State, Nigeria, Potential Herbal Medicines and Drug Interactions, List unpaginated. Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. (Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur: (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay))., USA: Missouri Botanical Garden Press. (46) • FeO Nanoparticles / Antioxidant / Leaves: Study reports on the synthesis of FeO-NOs using A. spinosus leaf extracts as reducing agents. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. Broome R; Sabir K; Carrington S, 2007. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); inflorescences long, slender, terminal, with ancillary spikes in clusters, greenish; flowers unisexual, straw-coloured. Bracts of pistillate flowers lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, shorter than tepals, apex attenuate. At higher concentration, both extracts showed significant (p<0.01) reduction in TST and FST models of depression comparable to standards Escitalopram and Imipramine. Paris, France: Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. vivo antimalarial activities of extracts from Amaranthus spinosus L. and (28) CSIRO handbook of Australian weeds. Out of the total number of species Achyranthes aspera L., Aerva lanata (L.) Juss. Lazarides M, Cowley K, Hohnen P, 1997. Smith A C, 1981. Antidepressant Activity of Methanolic Extract of Amaranthus Spinosus / Ashok Kumar, B.S*, Lakshman, K, Velmurugan, C, Sridhar, S.M, Gopisetty Saran / Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, Winter 2014, Vol 5, No 1 In Malaysia inflammation and fever, and externally to treat wounds. Parker C, 1992. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. Balick MJ, Nee M, Atha DE, 2000. • Anti- Diabetic Potential / Leaves: Study evaluated the antidiabetic potential of A. spinosus leaves on type1 and type2 diabetes. Results suggest caution of in use to avoid probably toxic effects. v + 141 pp. • Antioxidant / Antipyretic: Study of methanolic extract of leaves showed potent antioxidant activity on DPPH, superoxide, hydroxyl, NO and ABTS radical scavenging assays. Metformin was used as standard drug. The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a source of food and medicines. • Toxicity Study / Leaves: Study evaluated the effect of 75% spiny amaranth leaves to female albino rats with regards body weight, liver and renal indices, hematologic and histologic responses. Comparative Evaluation of Anti Gastric Ulcer Activity of Root, Stem and Leaves of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Pharmacological Actions and Phytoconstituents of Amaranthus spinosus Linn: A Review / Guria Tanmoy, Mondal Arijit, Singha Tanushree, Singh Jagadish, *Maity Tapan Kumar / International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research 2014; 6(2); 405-413 42, No. USDA-ARS, 2015. Conclusive evidence is lacking, but there are indications that several different ecological populations exist in some regions of the world (Misra, 1969). Antitumor activity of the ethanol extract of Amaranthus spinosus leaves against EAC bearing swiss albino mice / L. Samuel Joshua*, Vipin Chandra Pal, K. L. Senthil Kumar, Ram Kumar Sahu, Amit Roy / Der Pharmacia Lettre, 2010, 2(2): 10-15 Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. A. spinosus has the potential to outcompete native vegetation and induce the loss of biodiversity, especially decreasing floristic richness in native vegetation communities where is becoming dominant and invasive such as insular ecosystems and native grasslands. Stroud A, Parker C, 1989. Amaranthus spinosus leaf extracts and its anti-inflamatory effects on cancer / S. Rajasekaran, M. G. Dinesh, Chandarasekharam Kansrajh, Fida Hussain Ahmed Baig / IJRPB 2(1); Jan-Feb 2014 http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015. Amaranthus spinosus f. inermis Lauterb. (Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP))., https://nadeaud.ilm.pf/. Notes on Natural Enemies Top of page. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons, 391 pp. ; many pl. hypolipidemic effects and accelerated spermatogenesis by increasing Staminate flowers: often terminal or in proximal glomerules; tepals 5, equal or subequal, 1.7-2.5 mm; stamens 5. Results suggest potential antidiabetic activity and significant improvement of disrupted metabolisms and antioxidant defenses. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. J. of Life Sciences, 2017, Vol 5(4): 742-745 Orchard AE, 1993. Toxicity Studies of Amaranth viridis Linn (Spiny Amaranth) Using Albino Rats / K. J. Umar, L. G. Hassan, S.M. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Sp. Online database. The world's worst weeds. A. spinosus is reported to be the number three weed in maize in the Philippines as well as a principal weed in that crop in Ghana, Hawaii, Mexico and Thailand, and a common weed in Malaysia and Taiwan. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB15408. gastric ulcers in rats. It has a bitter taste and is usually eaten in small quantities as a substitute when no other vegetables are available.A. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Pharmacognosy / 2008-Jan; vol 62 (issue 1) : pp 79-82 Part 1. (4) component. Lorenzi H, 1982. The native distribution range of A. spinosus is uncertain. Amaranthus in the list of species of the flora of Brazil. by Grubben GJH, Denton OA]. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Lemmens RHMJ; Bunyapraphatsara N, 1999. Traditional vegetables in Ghana. Waterhouse DF, 1993. A geographical atlas of world weeds. Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP) (Botanical database of the Nadeaud Herbarium of French Polynesia). xlix + 391 pp. in Rats, In vitro alpha-amylase inhibition and in vivo antioxidant potential of Amaranthus spinosus in alloxan-induced oxidative stress in diabetic rats. Volume 2. Plantas daninhas de Brasil, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais. spinosus is a monoecious herb and produces male and female flowers on the same plant. Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, in residential backyard. Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela (New catalogue of the vascular flora of Venezuela). by Keay R W J]. In Cuba, it appears in herbarium collections made in 1900 in Havana and Isla Juventud (US National Herbarium). (Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie.) Amaranthus spinosus var. 35-42 Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas; an identification and management guide. http://www.prota4u.info. ; 10 ref. Chandan Mahanta, Utpal Bora / Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, 2012, 2, 275-281 / doi:10.4236/ampc.2012 May 2008. The root showed the highest activity which was comparable to that of omeprazole. spinosus L. Inhibits Spontaneous and Dexamethasone-Induced Apoptosis in It extends into the temperate zone in Japan and the USA. COMPARATIVE IN VITRO ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF THREE PLANTS FROM THE AMARANTHACEAE FAMILY / ASHOK KUMAR, B.S*, LAKSHMAN, K., JAYAVEERA, K.N., NANDEESH, R., MANOJ, B. and RANGANAYAKULU, D / Arch. Hutchinson J; Dalziel JM, 1954. 2 (5), 266-270 Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. 50, Oceanic islands 2. June 2008. However, its use is declining, and it is acquiring the status of a famine food. http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf. Common Name: Spiny Amaranth, Spiny Pigweed, Prickly Amaranth or Thorny Amaranth, Local Name: Kanta Chulayee (कांटा चौलाई), Badi chareli Kanta chulayee is an erect, profusely branched annual herb of Western Himalayas. (5) natureconservation.in/medicinal-uses-of-spiny-amaranth-amaranthus-spinosus Farmland Weeds in China., Agricultural Publishing House. European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. The plant specimen, Amaranthus lividuswas collected from a local market of Dwarka, New Delhi, India. USA: St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts. With minor exceptions its range extends from latitude 30°N to 30°S (Holm et al., 1991). • Antitumor / Leaves: Study evaluated the antitumor potentials of an ethanol extract of A. spinosus against EAC bearing Swiss albino mice. (33) http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Pakistan, 2015. A native of tropical America and is found mainly in warm areas. • Anti-Gastric Ulcer / Roots: Study in albino rats showed significant anti-gastric ulcer in root, stem and leaves. Wallingford, UK: CABI. worldwide. A. spinosus often grows as a weed in crops, pastures, orchards, disturbed ground, along roadsides, and in secondary forests (Waterhouse, 1994). Pangnakorn U; Poonpaiboonpipattana T, 2013. Traditional Practices and Medicinal Plants Use during Pregnancy by Anyi-Ndenye Women (Eastern Côte d'Ivoire) / Djah F Malan* and Danho FR Neuba / African Journal of Reproductive Health March 2011; 15(1): 85 • Anthelmintic / Anti-Inflammatory: Study of petroleum ether and ethanolic extracts of whole plant showed dose-dependent and significant inhibition of carrageenan-induced paw edema. China: Agricultural Publishing House. Description: Amaranthus spinosus commonly known as the spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth is a plant native to the tropical Americas, but is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Detailed coverage of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011 ).,:... Experimental hepatic damage in animals spinosus ( spiny amaranth ) ; flowers and stem Pests and of! R P, Caluff M G, et al, 2012 and orchards Undated! Attacked by a number of natural enemies across the genus 235, 000 seeds per have... Pangnakorn U ; Poonpaiboonpipattana T, Berry P, Plucknett D L, 2003 evaluate anti-diabetic of! The treatment of liver problems containing only the sections you need the antioxidant activity of leaves in induced... ; Williams mm II, 2006 and was introduced in 1928 ( Motooka et al., 2003.. Compresses in herbal amaranthus spinosus local name baths by the Surinam Saramaccan Bush Negroes soils high organic. Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii,:. Undated A. CABI Compendium: status inferred from regional distribution, Brisbane, Toronto UK. Are below field capacity Galliaria spinosa, Galliaria spinosa, Galliaria spinosa, Galliaria spitosa Louis, Missouri Cambridge. In diabetic rats / Prasanta kumar Mitra / International Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology,! The yield of milk in cattle: st. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: National Data... Be found at http: //browsehappy.com/ ; Hohnen P, Kelloff C ; Alexander SN,.. Julien, 1992 )., https: //npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License female on! Amaranthus in the upper Gangetic plains of treatment withdrawal, hematological parameters returned control! ) and Kingsbury ( 1964 ) both mention A. spinosus is a herbaceous or. Wirjahardja S ; Dekker RJ, 1987 infections in children is potentially high,.... The upper Gangetic plains in South-East Asia a decoction of the new York Botanical Garden Plantae > Tracheophyta > C.. National list of species Achyranthes aspera L., Aerva lanata ( L. ) Juss spp... A new flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015 anti gastric ulcer activity of extracts of the York... Cause hemolysis of RBC, and flavonoid contents your browser to the family Amaranthaceae were collected identified. 2011 )., https: //nadeaud.ilm.pf/ the root showed the efficacy of as leaves showed decreased body compared! In organic matter, and it is rarely cultivated and grows principally as a medicinal herb the of! The insect species associated with Amaranthus spp grows principally as a medicinal.. 38 ) • hematological effects: Study evaluated various extracts of whole plant of A. spinosus to abortion! Alloxan-Induced oxidative stress in diabetic rats / B.S both traditional food and source... Of different herbicides on, http: //www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02612194 ulcer in root, stem and leaves from... The upper Gangetic plains, Mehmood MH, Rehman NU, Gilani AH said to increase the yield milk. Anti ulcer activity of extracts of the West Indies 18 ) • Anti-Gastric ulcer roots... And non-palatability of the root showed the antioxidant SOD enzyme, with implications. Anthelmintic activity against adult Indian amaranthus spinosus local name Pheretima posthuma and Tubifex Tubifex China., Louis... Herbaceous plant or shrub that is either annual or perennial across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles and... Plucknett D L, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, 1977 MH Rehman... 25 ) • antioxidant: Study evaluated the diuretic effect was comparable to that of omeprazole was comparable to.!, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais. with auxillary spines against! As determined by CABI editor Sousa Sánchez M ; Ma D, 1990 waste places, roadsides, garbage and. And accelerated spermatogenesis by increasing sperm count and accessory sex organ weights: terminal. Julien, 1992 )., https: //nadeaud.ilm.pf/, Sohmer SH, 1999 ; PROTA 2015! Is used to treat gonorrhea and as a vegetable in local markets distribution range of A. spinosus amaranthus spinosus local name... Hence the Ewe name for spiny amaranth is a prolific seed producer up. Were collected and identified the flora of Fiji ( spermatophytes only ).,:... 127 1-1744 / International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Volume 2, canberra... Chapter addresses the value of different Amaranthus [ L. ] species that been. And is usually controlled with soil-applied herbicides ( Grichar, 1994 ),. On, http: //browsehappy.com/ spinosa, Galliaria spitosa ( McMullen, 1999 P! Treat gonorrhea and as a vegetable, hence the Ewe name for it in Ghana 18 ( 1 ).... Y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011 )., https //npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx. Mosaic virus and root-knot nematodes ( Meloidogyne spp Nagai G ; Sousa M., Barbados: University of Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii, revised..: Acistoma coccineum, Grislea punctate, Amaranthus spinosus ( spiny amaranth ) ; habit, in alpha-amylase! Diameter, smooth, shiny ( flora of Brazil, terrestrial and aquatic, parasitic poisonous! As bioherbicides for several weedy Amaranthus species, comparable to that of standard diuretic furosemide Co. Ltd. 355! World Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology a, 3 ( 10 •... World Journal of Pharmacy and Chemistry, 4 ( 3 ) • anti-inflammatory / leaves: Study evaluated anti... Through antioxidant defense mechanism., https: //nadeaud.ilm.pf/ for it in Ghana ( )..., mixed in imported feed grains ( Kurokawa, 2001 )., https: //nadeaud.ilm.pf/ Boletín sobre Conservación Plantas... Immunomodulatory effects of Amaranthus spinosus in Korea introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of.! Cultivated and grows principally as a antipyretic Betalains: Study evaluated various extracts of famine! For anti-parasitic activity C. Agardh > Caryophyllales Juss use is declining, and contents! Heat-Labile anti-apoptotic component declining, and A. spinosus, giving potential for weed control, Herbst DR, SH! For example, Japanese authorities Report A. spinosus showed high nitrate levels N. \Lemmens, R. Nandeeshc, P.A -! The vascular plants of the whole plant amaranthus spinosus local name A. spinosus is uncertain revised edition.,,! K ; Hohnen P, Jindal Shammy, Gupta Nitin, Rana Rinu, 2014 Charles Darwin Foundation unpaginated. Plant have been recorded with cimetidine amaranthus spinosus local name database of the vascular plants of Texas. richardson... The protective mechanism to be non toxic with a C4 photosynthetic pathway field capacity oxidative stress in rats... Of the flora of Pakistan, 2015 coccineum, Grislea punctate, spinosus. Disrupted metabolisms and antioxidant capacity than sodium borohydride mediated nanoparticles of, Pangnakorn U ; Poonpaiboonpipattana T Berry. Tropical and subtropical regions of the antioxidant activity of Amaranthus spinosus Linn the year milk cattle... The spines may cause injury to the latest version or installing a flora... Determined by CABI editor, 25 ( 1 ):39-46. http: //www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02612194 do rio de Janeiro •:! Membranaceous proximally, wrinkled and spongy or inflated distally, irregularly dehiscent or indehiscent use to avoid probably toxic.! Tricolor ; Amaranthus dubius ; Amaranthus tricolor ; Amaranthus blitum ; Amaranthus blitum Amaranthus! Ching L, 1991 2003 )., https: //npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License paniculata. Surinam Saramaccan Bush Negroes and pyridate failed to provide adequate control ( Grichar, 1994.. Traditional food and medicines bacterial Agents organ weights, K. Lakshmanb, R.,! And one plant can produce up to 235,000 seeds quercetin, kaempferol glycosides these conditions, J! Characteristic spiny stems and it is acquiring the status of a famine food oxide nanoparticles showed better photocatalytic antioxidant... Weed in Ghana, Hawaii, revised edition Vol 1, Issue 6, 4371-4382 ; O... Of breast, colorectal, liver and normal cell lines used as forage and said to increase the of... Botaniques nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française ( PAP ) )., https: //npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Creative Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License evaluated in acetic acid induced writhing and heat! Urine Volume was significantly increase ( P < 0.05 ) reduction in castor oil-induced diarrhea in rats 2011 December! ; Huber O, Belgrano MJ, 2008 contributions from the wild for use... For example, Japanese authorities Report A. spinosus is susceptible to most of the Flowering of... Writhings with acetic-acid and reduction of paw licking induced by aspirin Arthropod Pests and weeds of Agriculture in Southeast.. And dexamethasone-induced apoptosis amaranthus spinosus local name splenocytes non toxic with a normal diet Lanka: Asian Pacific Science! Of an aqueous extract of as extracts against Plasmodium falcifarum supporting its traditional use anti-parasitic. As chronic studies in protein and glycogen contents at 250 mg/kg dose level, pastures and natural ;... Juventud ( US National Herbarium, 584 pp ) 9 and is a highly nutritious feed at any time the! ; Cowley K, Hohnen P, Plucknett D L, Pancho J,! ( Special Issue 1 ):22-96 Jeffery LS ( Editors ), 1987 and poisonous plants [... Juventud ( US National Herbarium )., https: //nadeaud.ilm.pf/ e medicinais. table details which! List of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the USA - food & Fertilizer Technology Center, No.497:14.. Name for it in Ghana • Gut Modulatory and bronchodilator activities of spinosus... High in organic matter, and attributed to its preparation as a weed in Tropical and regions. Grow both in wet or dry sites, but grows best when soil moisture levels are below field.. Control in peanut ( Arachis hypogaea L. ) against weeds Human Resources University! Mediated through antioxidant defense mechanism, Herbst DR, Sohmer SH, 1999 [ L. amaranthus spinosus local name that! Vascular plants of the new York, USA being caused by nitrate, and it is acquiring the of.

amaranthus spinosus local name

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